# C Program to find sum of all digits in number

C Program to find sum of all digits in number is simple program.

In this tutorial, we are going to implement a new program which is to calculate the sum of all digits in number.

sum of all digits in number

First, we have a number given any number of digits in it. We need to add every digit present in number.

How to sum of all digits in a number?

Steps:-

To do this first we have to separate digits present in number.

For separating digits we can use modulus operation (% 10)which gives us a single digit.

After getting single digit we perform sum operation.

We Repeat step 1 and 2 till digits in number end.

Example

Suppose the number = 365

1. Now to perform sum of all digits we have to first separate out each digital. We do this by modulus which gives us reminder ( a digit)

=> rem = number % 10

=> rem = 365 % 10

=> rem = 5

=> sum = sum + rem

=> sum = 5

3. Repeat step 1 and 2

=> rem = number % 10

=> rem = 36 % 10

=> rem = 6

=> sum = sum + rem

=> sum = 5 + 6

=> sum = 11

5. Repeated 1 and 2

=> rem = number % 10

=> rem = 3 % 10

=> rem = 3

=> sum = sum + rem

=> sum = 11 + 3

=> sum = 14

### C Program to find sum of all digits in number

Output

Explanation

1. Here we did initialization for

dummy ->To store the entered value(i.e ‘n’) as you will come to know at the end of the program

n –>To store number given by a user.

sum->To store the sum of all digits in the number.It is initialized to zero

x->To store n%10.

2. First of all, we got a number ‘n’ from a user and then stored it in a dummy variable called as ‘dummy’ for restoring the value.(remember this point)

3. Now the main logic comes here

let the number ‘n’ be 321 and as 321>0, while loop gets executed

then x=321%10—>which is 1.

sum=0+1——–>1

n=321/10———>32

The sum for the first loop execution is sum=1.

4. Now the number ‘n’ has become ’32’ and n>0, while loop executes for the 2nd time

then x=32%10—>which is 2.

sum=1+2——–>3

n=32/10———>3

The sum when loop executed the second time is sum=3.

Now the number ‘n’ has become ‘3’ and n>0, while loop executes for the 3rd time

then x=3%10—>which is 3.

sum=3+3——–>6

n=3/10———>0

The sum when loop executed the third time is sum=6.

Now as the number of variable ‘n’ is 0 which is not n>0 then the loop terminates.Then the final sum is ‘6’.

So now I hope you understood why the dummy variable is used.It is because the value in ‘n’ becomes 0 at the end of the program so for restoring this value to print at the end we used ‘dummy'(as from the 2nd point).

5. Finally, it prints the value in ‘sum’.