# Even or odd program in c

In this tutorial, we are looking new program which is to find an even or odd number.

In this program, we first have a number and we check whether that number is Even or odd programmatically.

### Definition of odd and even numbers

What is even number?

Any number which is divided by 2 and gives the remainder zero is Even number.

What is an odd number?

Any number which is divided by 2 but gives reminder 1 is an odd number.

To check whether a number is even or odd we need some basic mathematical formula.

The mathematical formula to find out whether a number is even or odd is as follows

Result = Number % 2

In above formula, The number is any number of which we are checking even or odd number.

If this number gives the reminder 0 then it’s even number else number is odd.

Example

Number = 10

Reminder = Number % 2

Reminder = 0

So, Number is even

Number = 5

Reminder = Number % 2

Reminder = 1

So, Number is odd.

In this way, we check whether Number is even or odd.

Using this way we implement the program to find even or odd in c.

### C Program to Check Whether the Given Number is Even or Odd

Output

Enter a Number

5

The number 5 is Odd

Explanation

1. First, Here we declared an integer number.
2. Then we took the input from a user using scanf statement.
3. As we know modulus operator is used to return the remainder of two values as (10%3=1, 12%2=0).
4. So if you do modulus with 2 then the remainder would be ‘zero’ for Even numbers and ‘1’ for Odd numbers.
5. If we divide ‘number’ with ‘2’ using mod operator then depending upon condition the respective ‘printf’ will be executed.
6. In above output, 5 % 2 = 1 so The number is odd will be printed.

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